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Pitri Tarpan

Date of Mahalaya (Tarpan) 4th October time before 8.30 am

Pitri Tarpan is a ritual of Hindus performed in memory of forefathers on the auspicious day of Mahalaya. those who perform this ritual, give peace to the soul of the departed in ones linage, who in turn shower blessings to the one doing it, there by it is observed that those who do Tarpan are always protected by Divine power and blessed with Luck.

Pitru Paksha is taken into account by Hindus to be inauspicious, given the death ceremony performed throughout the ceremony, called Shraddha or Equus caballus gomelini. In southern and western Asian nation, it falls within the Hindu synodic month of Bhadrapada (September–October), starting with the complete moon day (Purnima) that happens like a shot once the Ganesa pageant and ending with the new phase of the moon day called Sarvapitri amavasya, Mahalaya amavasya or just Mahalaya. In North Asian nation and Asian country, this era corresponds to the dark two weeks of the month Ashvin, rather than Bhadrapada.

According to Legend
According to Hindu mythology, the souls of 3 preceding generations of one's ascendant reside in Pitru–loka, a realm between heaven and earth. This realm is ruled by Hindu deity, the god of death, UN agency takes the soul of a dying man from earth to Pitru–loka. once someone of ensuing generation dies, the primary generation shifts to heaven and unites with God, therefore Shraddha offerings don't seem to be given. Thus, solely the 3 generations in Pitru–loka area unit given Shraddha rites, during which Hindu deity plays a major role. in step with the sacred Hindu epics (Itihasa), at the start of Pitru Paksha, the sun enters the zodiac sign of Virgo (Kanya). Coinciding with this moment, it's believed that the spirits leave Pitru–loka and reside in their descendants' homes for a month till the sun enters ensuing zodiac—Scorpio (Vrichchhika)—and there's a full phase of the moon. Hindus area unit expected to settle the ancestors within the half, throughout the dark two weeks.

When the legendary donor Karna died within the epic religious text war, his soul transcended to heaven, wherever he was offered gold and jewels as food. However, Karna required real food to eat and asked Indra, the lord of heaven, the rationale for serving gold as food. Indra told Karna that he had given gold all his life, however had ne'er given food to his ancestors in Shraddha. Karna aforementioned that since he was unaware of his ancestors, he ne'er given something in their memory. to create amends, Karna was permissible to come to earth for a 15–day amount, in order that he might perform Shraddha and present food and water in their memory. this era is currently called Pitru Paksha. In some legends, Hindu deity replaces Indra.

Importance of Tarpan
Annadaana or giving food to the hungry could be a central a part of the rituals throughout these sixteen days. On of these days, offerings area unit created to the departed, together with those whose names or manner of death don't seem to be illustrious. On of late Equus caballus gomelini, shraaddha and pinda daan area unit performed daily in step with the procedures underneath the steerage of a priest. though these rites area unit to be distributed daily during this two weeks, it's thought-about that to perform them on the Doomsday i.e. on Mahalaya Amavasya or Sarva Pitru Amavasya is extraordinarily vital and sacred. The performance of Shraddha by a son throughout Pitru Paksha is considered a required by Hindus, to make sure that the soul of the ascendant goes to heaven. during this context, the scripture Hindu deity Sanskrit literature says, "there is not any salvation for a person while not a son". The scriptures preach that a owner ought to settle ancestors (Pitris), beside the gods (devas), ghosts (bhutas) and guests The scripture Markandeya Sanskrit literature says that if the ancestors area unit content with the shraddhas, they're going to bestow health, wealth, information and longevity, and ultimately heaven and salvation (moksha) upon the performing artist.

Who and for whom
It is essential that Shraddha is performed by the son—usually the eldest—or cousin of the paternal branch of the family, restricted to the preceding 3 generations. However, on Sarvapitri amavasya or matamaha, the daughter's son can give Shraddha for the maternal facet of his family if a male heir is absent in his mother's family.

Food for ancestors
The food offerings created to the ancestors area unit sometimes deep-fried in silver or copper vessels and generally placed on a banana leaf or cups product of dried leaves.

Rites of shraddha
The male UN agency performs the shraddha ought to take a purifying bathtub beforehand and is anticipated to wear a breechclout. He wears a hoop of kush grass. Then the ancestors area unit invoked to reside within the ring. The shraddha is sometimes performed bare-chested, because the position of the sacred thread worn by him has to be modified multiple times throughout the ceremony. The shraddha involves pinda-daan, that is Associate in Nursing giving to the ancestors of pindas (cooked rice and barley flour balls mixed with clarified butter and black benne seeds), attendant the discharge of water from the hand. it's followed by the worship of Vishnu in kind of the darbha grass, a gold image or Shaligram stone and Hindu deity. The food giving is then created, deep-fried particularly for the ceremony on the roof. The giving is taken into account to be accepted if a crow arrives and devours the food; the bird is believed to be a traveler from Hindu deity or the spirit of the ancestors. A cow and a dog also are fed, and Brahmin monks also are offered food. Once the ancestors (crow) and Brahmins have devoured, the relations will begin lunch.

About the Spiritual Author

Tarun Choudhury

Tarun Choudhury


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